Hatcher, Algebraic Topology, Chapter 2, Section 1
11. Show that if is a retract of then the map induced by the inclusion is injective.
Proof. Let , let denote inclusion, and suppose that there exists a map which is a retraction. In particular, then, the composition is homotopic to the identity on , i.e. . In terms of the induced maps, then, Theorem 2.10 ensures that . Utilizing the two facts on page 111 (directly beneath Proposition 2.9), it follows that and that where denotes the identity on the level of homology. Thus, injective implies that is injective, which in turn implies that is injective.